Trauma is the psychological, emotional response to a life event or experience that’s deeply disturbing or distressing to an individual. Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are negative life events witnessed or experienced firsthand by children 18 years old or younger. ACEs may affect a person’s emotional and cognitive abilities, leaving them feeling overwhelmed and limiting their academic potential. This course is designed to help school staff recognize the signs of trauma so they can help those students suffering from its effects. Topics covered include the main sources of trauma in school-age children; the categories of abusive behaviors; the effects of neglect and household challenges; and trauma signs and symptoms, as well as risk factors and the impact on future development.